Date: 3-7 August 2015
Venue: Sakon Nakhon Province, Thailand
1. To present the result of catch data from logbook to each community, which collected catch data by 78 fishermen from 1 March to 15 April 2015; and
2. Monitoring community’s measurement on closing season from rule signboard, which contain the closing season period, the allowed date for fishing during close season, prohibited fishing gear and conservation zone; and
3. Continue on collecting fish catch at before and after closing season (16 April-15 August) by logbook with middleman and fishermen around Nam Oon Dam.
II. Meeting with DOF
SEAFDEC team and DOF’s staffs from head quarter and Fisheries Management unit of Nam Oon Dam discussed at Nam Oon Dam Fishery Management Unit on the plan of this trip. The meeting discuss on the work plan to conduct the community meeting in 16 communities by divide into 4 points and each point compose of 4 communities as follow:
Point No. 1: Ban Na lao, Ban Huay Bun, Ban Nong Phua and Ban Na Tun
Point No. 2: Ban Klang, Ban Khok Sung, Ban Nong Pak Tiem and Ban Khok Manow
Point No. 3: Ban Kud Takap, Ban Nong Pling, Ban Na Kham and Ban Thai Chareon
Point No. 4: Ban Na Chuak, Ban Dong Kham Pho, Ban Nong Bua and Ban Khong Pakuay
The closing season of Nam Oon Dam start in 16 April until 15 August of year. Before closing season, SEAFDEC provide catching logbook to fisher representatives to record their catch from 1 March to 15 April, totally 45 days. The data from logbook will useful to monitor the quantity of fish in Nam Oon Dam. Therefore, in the community meeting, SEAFDEC presented on the result of catch data which recorded by the fisher representatives using logbook. Moreover, the representatives of each community will continue to record their catch into the logbook after closing season (start from 16 August and also provide them catching logbook, pen and T-shirt). We also clarified the fish catch species of Nam Oon fishing ground that fishers record in difference local name and prepare picture of fish to identify fish species. The Nam Oon Fisheries Management Unit presented on the hatchery and breeding activities and encourage fisher in the Community to enhance the fisheries resources.
Community Meeting at Point No. 1
The total number of fishers in Point No. 1 was 160 fishers divided into 4 communities , namely, Ban Na lao, Ban Huay Bun, Ban Nong Phua and Ban Na Tun (30, 30, 40 and 60 fishers respectively). The meeting was organized at Ban Na Tun community attending by 51 fisher representatives from 4 Communities. Ms. Sumitra Ruangsivakul presented on the result of catch data from catching logbook.
There are 20 volunteers to record catch data. The result showed that most fishers used gillnet for fishing (78%). The main catch species were Common silver barb, Jullien’s mud carp and Spotted featherback. The total catch was 4,634 Kg. The fishers (78%) sold their catch in the village, and 22% of fisher sold to the middlemen. Total catch value was 188,335.50 Baht. For fish utilization, they sold fresh product and they used for fish processing 14%, and for household consumption about 10%.
In this Point, we got 2 volunteers in each community to continue record their fish catch. After that, Mr. Surachai Sermsuk, Head of Nam Oon Fisheries Management Unit presented the activities on fish breeding which conducted at hatchery of Nam Oon Fisheries Management Unit. Moreover, he mentioned that he will transfer knowledge on fish breeding to the fishers who interested in fish culture as well as he asked fishers to bring fish breeder to him for breeding and increase fish stock.
Community Meeting at Point No. 2
The Communities of Point No. 2 consisted of Ban Klang, Ban Khok Sung, Ban Nong Pak Tiem and Ban Khok Manow. The Community Meeting of Point No. 2 was hold in Ban Khok Manow Community. There were 16 fishers participated in this meeting. The catch data was recorded by 20 representatives. Ms. Sumitra Ruangsivakul presented the result of data collection, that gillnet is the most fishing gear which fishers favor use for fishing 72% followed by trap 14%. The main catch species were Jullien’s mud carp 879.5 kg, Common silver barb 498.5 kg, and Blanc’s stripped featherback 296.4 kg. The total catch of 20 representatives was 2,636.4 kg.
For fish distribution, the fishers sold their catch to the middlemen inside the village 42%, and 20% of fishers sold their fish by themselves in the village. They sold to the middlemen outside the village and sold at the market with 19% respectively. Total catch value was 99,973 Baht. For fish utilization, Only 10% of fish that they use for consumption in their family. 77% of catch were sold in fresh product, and 13% for fish processing for selling and consumption.
In this Point, two fishers in each community would be the representatives to record their catch data into the logbook providing by SEAFDEC.
Community Meeting at Point No. 3
This Point also composed of 4 villages, namely, Ban Thai Charoen, Ban Kud Takap, Ban Na Kum, and Ban Nong Pling. There were 34 fishers came for meeting. The meeting started with introduction of the background and objectives of the meeting, and then SEAFDEC presented the result of data analysis from logbook that collected by 16 fishers in these 4 villages. The result showed that the area for fishing grounds of these villages were Ban Kud Takap and Ban Na Lao. Main fishing gears were Net (51.8%), Hook and line (26.6%) and Trap (15.6%).
For fish selling, most of them (48.3%) sold fish to middleman. 28.5% of fishers sold in village while 23.3% sold at the local market. The fishers in Point No.3 could collect 13 fish species. Most fish species caught are Spotted featherback (672.1 kg.), Grey featherback (353.6 kg.), and Lipped barb (337 kg.). For fish utilization, fish processing was 3%, household consumption 9%, and fresh selling 88%. Total catch in this Point was 1,992.2 Kg. The total real fishers in 4 villages was 22 fishers. The total income of these 4 villages was 113,428 Baht.
In addition, Point No. 3 have 8 volunteers (2 volunteers for each village). The meeting distributed the logbook, T-shirt and pen for each volunteer.
Community Meeting at Point No. 4
There were 4 villages, namely, Ban Nong Bua, Ban Na Chuak, Ban Dong Kum Pho, and Ban Kong Paklouy. In the meeting had 26 fishers. Mr. Surachai Sermsuk introduced the purpose of this meeting. Then, the result from logbook that collected by 22 fishers in this Point was shown to the meeting.
The result showed that the area for fishing grounds of these villages were Ban Na Chuak, Ban Kong Paklouy and Ban Nong Bua. Main fishing gears were Net (84.26%), Hook and line (10.32%) and Hook (3.05%). For fish selling, most of them (72.16%) sold fish in the village while sold to middleman 27.72% and sold in the market 0.12%.
The fishers could collect 17 fish species. Most fish species caught were Common silver barb (2,015.3 kg.), Spotted featherback (811.8 kg.), and Lipped barb (675.5 kg.). For fish utilization, fish processing was 4%, household consumption 9%, and fresh selling 87%. Total catch in this Point was 6,025.2 Kg. The total income of these 4 villages was 237,625.5 Baht. In this Point have 6 volunteers to continue collect the data.
Discussion on future work plan
After finished meeting with Point No.4, SEAFDEC and DOF had a meeting to conclude the activities of this trip, as well as discussion on the next step for Nam Oon Fisheries Co-management. In order to promote the fisheries co-management, the fisheries officers from DOF still need to promote and inform the people by using community wire broadcasting. They plan to make the brochure/CD and distribute to 16 communities around Nam Oon Dam and also village outsiders. Furthermore, SEAFDEC will print more logbook and give to each volunteer for data recording during 16 August till the end of this year.