On-site Training on Practical Approach to Co-management in Inland and Coastal Fisheries of Cambodia

SEAFDEC organized the training course on Practical Approach to Co-management in Inland Fisheries of Cambodia at Siem Reap Province on 20-23 May 2013, while the training course on Practical Approach to Co-management in Coastal Fisheries of Cambodia at Sihanoukville Province on 23-27 September 2013.

The overall objective of the training course is to protect and manage critical fisheries habitats to ensure sustainable fisheries resource. Related to the above mention, the learning training has the intention for the fisheries officers to understand and get the knowledge of community-based management and rights-based fisheries management including to strengthen practical in competence in planning and implementing the applicable inland fishery management plans. As well as the training course hope the fisheries officers can be  the trainers on organizing the community-based management with knowledge of rights-based fisheries management training course for local fishermen groups.

The training was attended by the representative of fisheries officers from inland and coastal fisheries of Cambodia (such as Preah Sihanouk, Kampot, Koh Kong, Kampong Cham, Kratie, Prey Veng, Kandal, and Takao Province) including the representative officers from Community Fishery Development Department. 
The training was started by SEAFDEC's presentations: 1. The importance of resource management for sustainable fisheries, 2. Appropriate Monitoring Control and Surveillance (MCS) need for resource management in conjunction with community based co-management, 3. Community-based fisheries management: Importance of autonomous fisheries management by community, 4. How to introduce and facilitate community-based fisheries management to fisheries community,  5. Rights-based fisheries management and support system (Extension work) by government, 6. Concept and effective Methodology on Data Collection, 7. Data collection through CBFM, 8. Improving management of financial and economic activities including promotion of alternative livelihood in fishing communities, 9. Ecosystem approach to fisheries management. In addition, Cambodia side also presented on: 1. The Study of the indicator of fishery status, 2. Socio-economic information and Formulating data and information questionnaire for the community, and theory and practices on fisheries law. Furthermore, the participants discussed to develop and improve the sub decree on Community Fisheries (CFi) management and declaration on CFi guideline of Cambodia.
In addition, the fisheries officers who have attended the training of trainers on "Practical Approach to Co-management in Inland Fisheries of Cambodia" had a chance to transfer their knowledge and experiences to the community fisheries in their jurisdiction area. Regarding on this occasion, SEAFDEC with the cooperation of Cambodia organized "Mobile On-site Training Program on Applicable Fisheries Management Approaches for Sustainable Fisheries in Inland Fisheries of Cambodia" which organized on 4-7 June 2013 at Siem Reap Province, Cambodia.

The fisheries officers had a lecture to local fisheries officers of Cambodia. The topics were the same as SEAFDEC and Cambodia presentations. Moreover, the participants had a field study trip on natural resource management and conservation in Kampong Phluk, Siem Reap.

Report Trip for Household Survey at Rayong Province

Date: 16-20 September 2013

1. To interview fisheries household at coastal small-scale fisheries
2. To discuss and get more information on situation of coastal small-scale fisheries after oil spill at Ko Samet


16 September 2013
SEAFDEC team visited Mr. Jaii, one committee of Klang Municipal fishers group, to get more information on oil spill at Ko Samet.  Mr. Jaii and his friend mentioned on fisheries resources and payment reparation that the number of member is increasing from 63 to 75 after oil spill attached at Ko Samet on 27 July 2013 because small-scale fishermen need to get reparation (30,000 Baht per one fishing boat). Squid trap fishing gear must go to fishing farther than previous because old fishing ground did not meet soft cuttlefish, and the total catch is less. Now, the cost of fishing per trip is high but income is less, which compare with last year at the same time. In case of blue swimming crab fishing by bottom gill net, one member of group mentioned that the price of blue swimming crab is decreasing from 250 Baht to 100 Baht because nobody consumed crab from this area, they are worry on mercury from oil in sea food. Mr. Tid, group leader mentioned more on impact from oil spill that sardine is disappear from this area and he did not see fish school around Ko Kudi, where near Ko Samet.

17 September 2013
In the morning, social team visited Sala Keaw fishers group. Mr. Suwan, vice leader of Sala Keaw Fishers Group, gave information that number of member is 9 members. This group established at 40 years ago, with 30 members initiates. This group registered at last 3 years with Fisheries Provincial.  After group has been registration, Ban Phe municipal provided infrastructure of concrete floor and roof for group to packing fishing gear and activity operation including for landing site. The main fishing gear is crab gill net, and main species is blue swimming crab.  This group plan to establish crab bank activity, by requesting budget from government concern, because he and his member understand on rehabilitation fisheries resources and they believed that crab bank activity will be increased blue swimming crab. 
In the afternoon, social team visited Klang Sub-District Administrative Organization Fishers Group, which we have appointed group leader to interview yesterday. Mr. Bergreung, group leader, explained some information on group situation and some impact from oil spill. The main fishing gears of this group are squid trap, crab gill net and fish gill net. The number of member is increasing from 70 to 80, after oil spill.  This group is the first group of land site got reparation from Petroleum Authority of Thailand (PPT). He mentioned more that accident from oil spill made conflict in his group because some member agree to get reparation but some member did not agree.

 18 September 2013
In the morning, social team visited Nuan Trip Fishing port fishers group. Mr. Vichien Sirimaha, group leader, mentioned that the number of member is 11 remain, some member moved to other occupation and dead, no more new member in this group.  The main fishing gears are crab gill net, fish gill net and collapsible crab trap. There are 2 middlemen and 2 cages of crab bank in front of his group. 

In the afternoon, social team visited Kok Leam Tien fishers group. We met Mr. U-lay Sinsamut, group leader. This group registered with Fisheries Provincial at last year. There are 3 middlemen. Main fishing gears are crab gill net, fish gill net, fish trap and squid jigging. He mentioned on impact from oil spill that cost of fishing per trip is higher than last time because the fishing ground is too far. 

19 September 2013
In the morning, social team visited Kok Leam Tien fishers group to interview fishermen. The name of landing site of this group is Nai Kok. There are 3 fishers groups to packing fishing boat in monsoon season namely, Kok Leam Tien, Konh Aoa and Baan Hin Kaow. We met new fishers group, which Fisheries Provincial did not record this group in a list of Province. Therefore, the number of fishers group in Rayong is 28 groups. The location of Baan Hin Kaow fishers group is between Kok Leam Tien and Konh Aoa. Mr. Vichien Kongcharoen, group leader, said that there are 25 members, and number of member is increasing after oil spill. The main fishing gears are shrimp trammel net, crab gill net and hook. 

In the afternoon, social team visited Konh Aoa fishers group. Mr. Bumrung (Tid), group leader, said that the main fishing gears are crab gill net, fish gill net and hook. There are middlemen around 3-4 middlemen buy aquatic animal from this group. This group had been participated in Set-Net fishing gear with SEAFDEC initiate. He mentioned more on fishing boat registration that small-scale fishermen need good registration system and management by government supporting to the disaster.
20 September 2013
SEAFDEC/TD, RIHN by Dr. Kazuo Watanabe and KU by Dr. Methee Keawnern had a meeting and discussion on sharing information between component 4: Field survey for data and information collection of social and economic aspects. The main topic focused on the secondary data of fisheries community from government concern (such as local government, municipal, and Sub-District Administrative Organization). As well as there was an interview with head of village or Sub-District. The result of meeting need more information, which social team will be collecting more in the next survey of social survey in Rayong and Prachuap Kiri Khan Provinces.
The total samples of fisheries household of this trip is 43, composed of five fishers groups of 15 samples of Klang Sub-District Administrative Organization, 6 samples of Nuan Trip fishing port, 3 samples of Sala Keaw, 10 samples of Kok Leam Tien and 10 samples of Konh Aoa.

Impact of oil spill at Ko Samet by small-scale fishermen: Group leader and member of fishers group gave an information on situation of small-scale fisheries in Rayong after oil spill that
-          Fishermen, who get direct impact from oil spill, requested reparation from Petroleum Authority of Thailand 2,000 Baht per day for 2 months,
-          Need Petroleum Authority of Thailand/Government present the reparation to coastal community plan, if oil spill again in the future.

Information from Government concern on oil spill at Ko Samet: After oil spill on 27 July 2013 at Ko Samet, Phe Sub-District, Muang District, Rayong Province, Rayong Provincial Governor were coordinator between stakeholder along coastline of Rayong and Petroleum Authority of Thailand.  The stakeholder are fishermen (who have fishing boat), resort owner, tourist, restaurant and service (rental boat, rental car, etc).  There are about 10,000 persons of stakeholder, who applied attention to get reparation, and about 4,000 persons of that amount is boat’s owner.

On August, PPT gave the first payment of reparation to 2,000 fishermen (30,000 Baht per one fishing boat), who have fishing boat, but small-scale fisheries association of Rayong sent 4,000 fishermen to get reparation.  In the list of Fisheries Provincial have 2,000 fishing boat (commercial and small-scale fisheries). So PPT stopped to pay reparation, and need to verify on boat’s owner before payment.

Now there are problem between government and small-scale fishermen. Small-scale fishermen, who get direct impact from oil spill, need to register their boat with Fisheries Provincial to get reparation but they must be waiting for verifying by PPT before payment reparation. Meanwhile commercial fisheries, who not get direct impact but their boat have registration and license with Rayong Fisheries Provincial, get reparation already.