Monitoring and Evaluation on Co-management approach in Chong Khneas Commune, Siem Reap, Cambodia

Date: 21-22 July 2016
Venue: Siem Reap Province, Cambodia

1. To monitoring and evaluation on Co-management/CBFM implementation in Chong Khneas Commune,
2. To identify issues and challenges for improvement of fishery management in Chong Khneas Commune and find out appropriate actions,
3. To develop Implementation Plan in Co-management/CBFM in Chong Khneas fishing community. 


21 July 2016

The participants of the Meeting were 15 persons divided into 13 community members and 2 officers. The Meeting was started by introducing the participants on the purpose, time table, and output of this meeting. After that, Mr. Sombut, head of Chong Khneas Community Fisheries, presented on the progress of CFi Management Plan for 2015. The CFi community has implemented some activities of the fisheries management plan. There are three main part of the CFi Management Plan.

The first part is “Fisheries Management”. The community has done for revising the internal rule and regulation. They focused on the role and responsibilities of the fishers and fishing regulation including how to spend the CFi budget. They also disseminated the knowledge of rule with cooperation from Department of Environment to CFi members and outside communes for awareness building for example, close and open season, fishing gears, waste disposal and forest protection. Moreover, they also awareness the people on the Cambodia aquaculture guideline such as what kind of aquaculture are illegal.

Furthermore, they installed five signboards (2 concrete and 3 wood signboards) at the conservation area. For the patrolling, they have the permanent guards as well as they record the name of illegal fishing who destroy the forest. Now the illegal fishers are decreasing. However, they are trying to find other funding from outside for supporting their activity. For data collection, they have done since 2010. They made the form to input the data about the number of fishing boat and gears, size of boat, catch amount for family consumption, family number, period for fishing (which month/date), and type of boat. The fishing boat is use for many purposes, not only fishing but for tourist too. However, the total catch data did not recorded because it did not clear. The fisher cannot record the fish species because they do not know the species.

In addition, some activities did not implemented yet such as repair patrol boat and CFi floating office. Also to collect the contribution from the CFi members have not implemented yet because the fishers still poor and do not have much money for donation.

The second part is “Rehabilitation”. The community already planted 800 flooding forest at Rang Phtong, Tros, and Chra Keng. Moreover, they established the stump for fish habitat in 15 locations in the conservation area. In each location, they use three poles, which made by wood. On the top of stump, it could be the bird’s nest. The poles were collected during the patrolling activity from the lake, and also took it off from illegal fishing. In addition, there are some activities have not been done yet because of no budget such as cement artificial shelf.

The third part is “Livelihood”. The community plan to increase income for the fisheries household by introducing the ecotourism, aquaculture, livestock, vegetable plantation, and microfinance. But, they could not implemented the activities because some problems such as the technical and budget. The community cannot collect the enter fee from the tourists because it belong to the company. The aquaculture extension is not familiar with the officer especially snakehead aquaculture because in the part snakehead aquaculture were banned, but now it is allowed for culture. Therefore, the officers have less knowledge and experience for aquaculture extension. For livestock, they would like to introduce the chicken culture but it was not good because of disease. For the vegetable plantation, the fishers do not have land for plantation. For microfinance, the community did not implemented because of less of knowledge to do the microfinance.

In addition, SEAFDEC and community’s member visited the women group. The group produces the handicraft by using water hyacinth and export to Japan. They learned this technique by UNESCO. Every month, they have to produce 600 pieces. The group have member around 16 families. Not only the women, but there are many children involved in this activity. Moreover, the group has the training program for water hyacinth handicraft, the training fee is around 60 USD for 10 days training.

Furthermore, SEAFDEC and community’s members also visited the landing site at Chong Khneas. There are many fishing landing. The main species is Mystus (kind of catfish) as well as snake for feeding crocodiles. There are 15-100 fishers including fishers who come from outside community. The middlemen are around 30 persons that mostly from outside community.

22 July 2016

This session was talking about the summary and discussion on the problem and related issue for Chong Khneas Community Management Plan. Firstly, Mr. Sombut kindly presented on the summary of the management action progress year 2015. The community has disseminated the rule and fisheries law by annually meeting for all community fisheries members to increase their awareness on laws and regulations. As well as, they have monthly meeting with committees and officers to share and discussion on various related fisheries issues. Next activity was data collection on fishing gear and fishing boat. Moreover, they have patrolling activity with cooperation of fisheries authority. Furthermore, the repairing of pier of floating community office by using 300 USD. In 2016, they have plan to repair the floating community office and need to find the funding support from other sectors. However, there are some activities such as planting forest, which was planned in 2015, have not been done yet because of water level rising. Some activities cannot done in 2015, therefore, it need to propose to continue in 2016.

The community have the problems on fishing ground such as during the dry season, it has fire in the flooding forest while in the raining season, it has the illegal fishing. Moreover, the additional income from ecotourism is still have problem because the fishers do not have right to collect the entrance fee from the tourists. The right is belong to the private company. The community will have conflict with the interest of company, if they use a rolling boat to go to conservation area by passing the company's rote. Therefore, the community needs to use other rote that no have any service from the company. There is another rote which can bring the tourists to the conservation area by using motorbike, but the rote need to reconstruction. The community have planned to reconstruct the rote but the government need to do the environmental survey first.

In addition, Chong Khneas community has various stakeholders. Therefore, it would be good if the key stakeholder take the responsibilities for fisheries management. Now, the community committee plan to discuss with the private company to share the benefit to community including take responsibilities for fisheries resources management because the private company also get the benefit from the fisheries resources and ecosystem services. In case of the middlemen, the middlemen can share some small percentages for fisheries resources management activities. Because if the fishers get a small amount of fish catch, the middlemen also get small income from fishers.

Furthermore, Dr. Yuttana kindly suggested on the livelihood that the fishers do not have land for vegetable plantation. They can use the water hyacinth and soil to make the land on water surface of pond. The water depth is 2.5 meter. The water hyacinth would be the first layer (50 cm) and switch to soil (20 cm). They make 3 layers of each, which on the top surface is a soil. After that, the people can plant many kind of vegetable such as tomato and morning glory. For the shallow water of canal for entering to the conservation area, fishers can use flat bottom boat such as kayak. The kayak boat is suitable for the tourist. The community can use the mold wood and cover by fiberglass and resin which it less cost and the fishers can make by themselves.

For future plan on co-management in Chong Khneas Community in 2017, the community fisheries committees agree that they have to strengthen patrolling activity in the Lake Pear Rang (conservation areas) that have water bird and near Siem Reap town. The list of the activities are shown at the following:

Future plan on 2017

1. In principle CF committee member agree and strengthen on patrolling activity at conservation area, because in “Lake pear rang” area, there is not only bird but a lot of bio-diversity;
2. Community Fisheries community member participate in managing community fishing area;
3. Reparation the road from Aranh village, Sangkat Siem Reap, Siem Reap Town to Daytanone may be started in March 2017 (the road is 4 km and narrow size, it will be repaired by digging soil from canal aside this road). This road will be useful to access to conservation area for   patrolling activity and also can sharing money from tourist, who visit conservation area for conservation activity in the future;
4. They plan to repair the floating office and bring to conservation area;
5. They will use 3 stake-pole for Artificial reef for fish and bird;
6. Make 4 sign boards on conservation area in 2017;
7. Produce one small fiber boat;
8. Plan to plant 1,000 flooded forest tree;
9. Dissemination of vegetable floating farm to community member;
10. Co-operation on patrolling with 3 Sangkat Authority (Chong Khneas, Siem Reap and Chreav).